Canada's Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Environment Canada (Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network) developed an aquatic macroinvertebrate biomonitoring network for Ontario's lakes, streams, and wetlands.
This paper discusses the importance of biomonitoring, describes why benthos are commonly used as indicators of aquatic ecosystem condition, explains the complementarity of biological and chemical assessments, details Ontario Benthos Biomonitoring Network components, and lists some research needs.
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Source: In: Aguirre-Bravo, C.; Pellicane, Patrick J.; Burns, Denver P.; and Draggan, Sidney, Eds. 2006. Monitoring Science and Technology Symposium: Unifying Knowledge for Sustainability in the Western Hemisphere Proceedings RMRS-P-42CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 455-461